Common yarrow

Common yarrow

Achillea millefolium, milfoil
Form: leaves
Origin: Russia, Altai
Year: 2021
Product Price
3.95 $


Common yarrow is a perennial herbaceous strongly scented plant with a long thin yellowish creeping rhizome. Leaves twice-pinnate, with small linear pointed lobes, sometimes pubescent. Flower baskets are small, white, rarely pale pink, with a tiled wrapper. Baskets are collected in a flap. Marginal flowers in baskets are false-lingual, female, median-tubular, bisexual. Height 20 – 100 cm.

The time of flowering. Common yarrow blooms from the end of May to August

Distribution. Yarrow is found almost everywhere.

Habitat. Common yarrow grows everywhere on meadows,steppes, slopes, forest glades, edges, gardens; noble yarrow-on steep slopes, pastures and roads.

The part used. Grass (stems, leaves, flower baskets).

The time of collection. May-August.

Chemical composition

Yarrow contains the alkaloid achillein, astringent and bitter substances, resins, organic acids, asparagine, carotene (provitamin A), vitamin C, a large amount of vitamin K, phytoncides and essential oil (up to 0.8%). In the composition of the oil are proazulen, pinene, borneol, thujone, cineole, caryophyllene, esters and alcohols. The plant has a peculiar aromatic smell and bitter taste. The chemical composition of yarrow has not been studied. Plants are poisonous.


Both types of yarrow have healing properties, but the stronger ones are common yarrow, which is usually used in medicine. Yarrow is an ancient medicinal plant. It has long been widely used in Russian folk medicine. The plant has astringent, diuretic, diaphoretic properties and promotes proper metabolism. It excites the appetite, increases the activity of the digestive glands and improves digestion, increases the secretion of milk in nursing women. Yarrow accelerates blood clotting, wound healing, improves blood circulation and has a "blood purifying", anticonvulsant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, insecticidal and anti-allergic effect.

Water infusion and decoction of herbs are used for kidney diseases, kidney stones, lack of appetite and poor appetite, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, in particular, peptic ulcer, gastritis, diarrhea. Decoction and infusion of herbs are also drunk for headaches, stomach pain (according to clinical data, stomach pain disappears after 15-25 minutes after taking) and lower back pain, colds, asthma, and to increase milk production in nursing women and as a "blood purifier" for skin diseases.

In folk medicine of Siberia, an infusion of the herb is taken for ulcers and stomach catarrh, malaria, and as a diaphoretic. In folk medicine of the Karachay-Cherkessia region, a decoction of the herb is used for heart diseases, stomach diseases and as an expectorant, and an infusion of the herb is used for malaria.

The Yarrow infusion is a good haemostatic agent for haemoptysis, bloody diarrhoea and various kinds of bleeding (uterine, gastric, haemorrhoidal, nasal and bleeding wounds). Water infusion and herb extract are used for abnormal, painful menstruation, as an analgesic, anti-inflammatory and menstrual regulating agent. The use of liquid extract and yarrow infusion in gynaecological practice for inflammatory processes of the uterus gave good results.

In scientific medicine, yarrow preparations are also used for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, peptic ulcer), as an appetizer and as a haemostatic agent. In folk medicine, yarrow is part of the main mixture of herbs used for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. Yarrow grass is a component of mouth-watering, gastric and anti-haemorrhoid preparations-teas sold in pharmacies. Yarrow is also used as an external remedy for stopping bleeding and healing wounds, applying fresh crushed leaves to wounds. An infusion of the herb is used for rinsing with inflammatory processes of the oral cavity, bad breath and toothache, for enemas for haemorrhoids.

The internal use of yarrow as a poisonous plant requires caution. Long-term use of plants and the application of large doses causes dizziness and skin rashes.

Method of application

1. 1 tablespoon of dry yarrow grass infuse for 1 hour in a closed vessel in 1 cup of boiling water, strain. Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day before meals.

2. Mix 0.15 g of yarrow leaf powder and 0.15 g of nettle leaf powder. Take 1 powder 3 times a day before meals as a haemostatic and anti-inflammatory agent.

3. 2 tablespoons of dry yarrow grass infuse for 1 hour in a closed vessel in 1.5 cups of boiling water. Use for washing cuts and wounds, mouthwash and enemas for haemorrhoids.

4. 3-4 spoons of fresh or dry leaves to boil, wrap in gauze. The pads are to be used as a poultice painkiller.

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