Origin: Russia, Altai
Fragrant perennial rhizomatous herb with erect, grooved, branched stem. Leaves alternate, pinnate, with oblong-lanceolate toothed lobes. Leaves are dark green above, grayish-green below with dotted glands. Flower baskets are rounded, yellow, consisting of tubular flowers, collected in a flat corymbose inflorescence. Height 60 – 120 cm.
The time of flowering. June-August.
Distribution. It is found almost everywhere.
Habitat. It grows in gardens, on shrubs, in sparse mixed birch forests and Kolki, on their edges, in meadows, along the banks of rivers, in fields along roads and ditches, near buildings.
The part used. Flower baskets ("flowers"), leaves, grass (stems, leaves, flower baskets).
The time of collection. June-August.
The flowers contain tanacetic, Gallus and other organic acids, the bitter substance tanacetin, tannin, resin, sugar, gum, fatty and essential oils, coloring and extractive substances. The essential oil contains thujone, a ketone, 1-camphor, toyol, borneol and pinene. The plant is poisonous.
Tansy as a medicinal plant was known in the middle ages. The plant is widely used in Russian folk medicine and folk medicine of various countries. Water infusion of flower baskets excites the appetite, increases the secretion of glands in the gastrointestinal tract and tones its muscles, improves digestion, increases the separation of bile and sweat, slows down the heart rate and increases blood pressure. The infusion also has antipyretic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimicrobial, wound healing, anthelmintic and insecticidal effects. Infusion of flower baskets is used for jaundice, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, gastrointestinal diseases, especially with low acidity, as an anti-leaf agent for roundworms (ascarids, pinworms) and to regulate irregular menstruation.
In folk medicine of Karachay-Cherkessia, a decoction of grass is taken for headaches and externally in the form of poultices is used for rheumatism, and a decoction of flower baskets — for skin cancer. In folk medicine in Belgium and Finland, flower baskets are also used against roundworms. Infusion of flower baskets is taken for headaches, rheumatism, aches, blood flow to the heart and is used as an anti-schizophrenic agent, as well as to reduce and stop menstruation. In German folk medicine, an infusion of flower baskets and leaves is used for various diseases of the digestive organs, bloody diarrhea (dysentery), stomach colic, constipation, gas retention. In scientific medicine, a decoction of flower baskets of tansy is used for ascaris and pinworms, liver diseases (hepatitis, angiocholitis), gall bladder and acute gastrointestinal diseases. Studies have shown that water infusion of flower baskets is a valuable tool for the treatment of enterocolitis and some other intestinal diseases.
Externally, an infusion of flower baskets and an infusion of leaves in the form of warm baths and compresses as an analgesic is used for gout, rheumatism, joint pain, dislocations, bruises and as a wound healing agent for wounds. Local warm foot baths from tansy infusion are used for leg cramps. Crushed dry leaves and especially crushed dry flower baskets are a good insecticide, acting, however, on insects weaker than pyrethrum. The internal use of tansy, as a poisonous plant, requires great care. Do not use the plant for a long time. Tansy infusion is contraindicated for pregnant women.
1. 1 tablespoon of flower baskets of tansy to insist 4 hours in 2 glasses of cooled boiled water in a closed vessel, strain. Take 1/2 cup 2-3 times a day 20 minutes before meals.
2. 5 g flower baskets insist 2-3 hours in 1 cup of boiling water, strain. Take 1 tablespoon 3-4 times a day 20 minutes before meals for enterocolitis and other gastrointestinal diseases. The infusion is also used for baths and washings.
1 tablespoon of crushed "seeds" of tansy mixed with two medium crushed garlic heads. Cook the mixture in a closed container for 10 minutes (counting by boiling) in 2 cups of milk. Strain the broth, squeeze it out and use it warm for enemas with pinworms. The enema was repeated for several days.
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