In Russia, there are more than 60 species of rosehip. Species of the genus rosehip (rose) are divided into 8 groups — sections. Most are rich in vitamin C rose hips cinnamon-sections — spammee.
Flowering time. May-August.
Distribution. Cinnamon Rose is found in forest and steppe zones of the Europe and Asia.
Habitat. Cinnamon and dog Rose bushes grow on river floodplains, meadows, among shrubs, forest clearings, edges and ravines.
Applied part. Fruits, seeds, flowers, leaves and roots.
Harvest time. "Fruits" and "seeds" are collected in August – September, flowers and leaves — during flowering, roots — in autumn and early spring.
Fruits contain sugars (about 18%), pectin substances (3.7%), tannins (up to 4.5%), citric acid (about 2%), malic acid and other organic acids, vitamin C (on average 2 – 3%, or 2000 – 3000 mg), carotene (12 – 18 mg), vitamins B2 (about 0.03 mg), K (up to 40 biological units), P (citrine), flavonol glucosides kaempferol and quercetin, the pigments lycopene and rubixanthin.
Rosehip-an ancient medicinal plant, its medicinal properties were known in Russia in the XVII century. Then the rosehip fruit was highly valued and given for treatment, by special permission, only to notable people. Rosehip is a multivitamin plant, its fruits are much higher in quantity and variety of vitamins than other plants. Water infusion of fruits increases the body's resistance to infectious diseases, weakens the development of arteriosclerosis and has a restorative, tonic effect. The infusion of fruit increases the secretion of bile, stimulates the function of the sexual glands, weakens and stops bleeding, reduces the permeability and fragility of blood capillaries. The infusion of fruits also strengthens the regeneration processes of soft and bone tissues and accelerates the healing of wounds, burns and frostbite. The fruit pulp has a slight relaxing effect.
The "Seeds" of rosehip, located inside the "fruit", have a choleretic, diuretic and anti-inflammatory effect. Decoction of roots has astringent, choleretic and antiseptic properties. Water infusion of leaves has an antimicrobial and analgesic effect and is used for gastrointestinal diseases. Water infusion of fruits is taken for anemia and especially for the General decline of the body's strength and weakness after debilitating diseases. Fruit infusion is also used for stomach and intestinal ulcers, stomach catarrh with low acidity, liver, kidney and bladder diseases.
In folk medicine of Siberia, a decoction of fruits is used for colds, and a decoction of flower petals with honey is used for erysipelas. In folk medicine of the Karachay-Cherkessia region, rosehip is also taken for colds and especially for coughs. Decoction of roots is drunk for malaria and as a good crushing and dissolving agent for kidney stones. In German folk medicine, an infusion of "fruits" and a decoction of crushed "seeds" is used inside for kidney and bladder stones, and an infusion of only fruits — for beriberi. In Tibetan medicine, rosehip is used for tuberculosis of the lungs, arteriosclerosis and neurasthenia. Externally, a decoction of roots is used for baths for paralysis and" weakness " of the legs. A Decoction of dry fruits is used for baths for rheumatism.
In scientific medicine, the infusion of fruits is widely used for beriberi and as a General strengthening and increasing the body's resistance to various infectious diseases, wounds, burns, frostbite. Rosehip infusion is also used for atherosclerosis, hemophilia and uterine bleeding. Rosehip fruits are part of the multivitamin fees. From the fruit produce the medicine, used as a choleretic agent for liver diseases: cholecystitis and hepatitis.
The fruit is used in the confectionery industry. Rosehip and rose petals are used to prepare toilet rose water and liqueurs. From the rosehip fruit, you can get a beautiful orange color.
1. 1 tablespoon of rosehip fruit pour 2 cups of boiling water, boil for 10 minutes in a closed container, insist for 1 day, squeeze, strain, add sugar. Take 1/2 cup 2-3 times a day before meals.
2. boil 2 tablespoons of roots for 15 minutes in 2 cups of water, infuse for 2 hours, strain. Take 1/2 cup 4 times a day before meals.
3. 1 teaspoon of rosehip seed powder boil 1/2 hour in 1 cup of water in a closed container, insist for 2 hours, strain. Take 1/4 cup 3-4 times a day before meals.
4. 1 tablespoon of rosehip leaves infuse 2-3 hours in 1/2 cup of boiling water in a closed container, strain. Take 2 tablespoons 3-4 times a day before meals.
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