Origin: Russia, Altai
A tall shrub with grayish-brown bark and regular elliptical sharp leaves. The flowers are small, greenish-white. Fruits - first red, and then black drupes. Height 4 – 7 m.
The time of flowering. may-June.
Distribution. It is found almost throughout the forest-steppe zone of the European part, in Siberia and the far East.
Habitat. It grows in forests and shrubs, on dry swamps.
The part used. Bark.
The time of collection. Early spring.
The bark contains 3-5% anthraglucosides-derivatives of anthraquinone, which, as acting principles, enhance peristalsis of the large intestine. This includes the main active substance glucoside frangulin, as well as emodin and isoemodin. The bark also contains methyl chrysazin and framelevel acid, anthranol, resin, traces of essential oil. The plant is poisonous.
Dry bark has a slow laxative effect, manifested in 8 to 10 hours after ingestion, fresh bark-emetic effect. An infusion or decoction of the bark is used for chronic constipation and sluggish intestinal function. Decoction of roots is drunk for pain in the stomach and intestines. Buckthorn bark is a part of various collections: laxative, gastric, anti-hemorrhoid.
20 g of bark broken boil in 1 glass of water, insist 1/2 hour, strain. Take 1 tablespoon 2 times a day in the morning and evening. You should use the bark, aged for at least a year in a dry place or subjected to heating at 100° C for 1 hour; otherwise, the use of the bark is associated with the risk of poisoning (nausea, vomiting).
* Any statements and representations posted on this site regarding the possible outcome are not considered to be a binding result for everyone. There are contraindications, consult your doctor before use.
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